Lucy Developments Purchasing Terms
LUCY DEVELOPMENTS LIMITED
Standard conditions of purchase
1. Definitions & Interpretation
1.1 In these Conditions, the following definitions apply:
Business Day: a day (other than a Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday) when banks in London are open for business.
Commencement Date: has the meaning set out in clause 2.2.
Conditions: these standard conditions of purchase as amended from time to time.
Contract: the contract between the Customer and the Supplier for the supply of Goods and/or Services in accordance with these Conditions.
Customer: Lucy Developments Limited registered in England and Wales with company number 04620824.
Customer Materials: means all materials, equipment, tools and tools, drawings, specifications and data supplied by the Customer to the Supplier.
Deliverables: all Documents, products and materials developed by the Supplier or its agents, contractors and employees as part of or in relation to the Services in any form, including without limitation computer programs, data, reports and specifications (including drafts).
Document: includes, without limitation, in addition to any document in writing, any drawing, map, plan, diagram, design, picture or other image, tape, disk or other device or record embodying information in any form or media.
Goods: the goods (or any part of them) set out in the Order.
Group: in relation to a company, that company, its subsidiaries, its holding companies and their respective subsidiaries (“holding company” and “subsidiary” shall have the same meaning as in section 1159 of the Companies Act 2006).
Intellectual Property Rights: all patents, rights to inventions, utility models, copyright and related rights, trade marks, service marks, trade, business and domain names, rights in trade dress or get-up, rights in goodwill or to sue for passing off, unfair competition rights, rights in designs, rights in computer software, database right, topography rights, rights in confidential information (including know-how and trade secrets) and any other intellectual property rights, in each case whether registered or unregistered and including all applications for and renewals or extensions of such rights, and all similar or equivalent rights or forms of protection in any part of the world.
Order: the Customer's order for the supply of Goods and/or Services, as set out in the Customer's purchase order form, or in the Customer's written acceptance of the Supplier's quotation, or overleaf, as the case may be.
Services: the services, including without limitation any Deliverables, to be provided by the Supplier under the Contract as set out in the Specification.
Specification: in relation to Goods, any specification for the Goods (including any relevant plans or drawings) provided by the Customer to the Supplier or produced by the Supplier and agreed in writing by the Customer, and in relation to Services, the description or specification for Services produced by the Supplier and agreed in writing by the Customer.
Supplier: the person or firm from whom the Customer purchases the Goods and/or Services.
1.2 In these Conditions, the following rules apply:
(a) a person includes a natural person, corporate or unincorporated body (whether or not having separate legal personality);
(b) a references to a party includes its successors or permitted assigns;
(c) a reference to a statute or statutory provision is a reference to such statute or statutory provision as amended or re-enacted. A reference to a statute or statutory provision includes any subordinate legislation made under that statute or statutory provision, as amended or re-enacted;
(d) any phrase introduced by the terms including, include, in particular or any similar expression shall be construed as illustrative and shall not limit the sense of the words preceding those terms; and
(e) a reference to writing or written includes faxes and, unless otherwise stated, e-mails.
2. Basis of contract
2.1 The Order constitutes an offer by the Customer to purchase Goods and/or Services from the Supplier in accordance with these Conditions.
2.2 The Order shall be deemed to be accepted on the earlier of:
(a) the Supplier issuing written acceptance of the Order; or
(b) any act by the Supplier consistent with fulfilling the Order,
at which point and on which date the Contract shall come into existence (“Commencement Date”).
2.3 These Conditions apply to the Contract to the exclusion of any other terms that the Supplier seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing.
2.4 All of these Conditions shall apply to the supply of both Goods and Services except where the application to one or the other is specified.
3. Supply of Goods
3.1 The Supplier undertakes that the Goods shall:
(a) correspond with their description and any applicable Specification;
(b) be of satisfactory quality (within the meaning of the Sale of Goods Act 1979) and fit for any purpose held out by the Supplier or made known to the Supplier by the Customer, expressly or by implication, and in this respect the Customer relies on the Supplier's skill and judgment;
(c) be free from defects in design, materials and workmanship and remain so for a minimum of 12 months after delivery; and
(d) comply with all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements relating to the manufacture, labelling, packaging, storage, handling and delivery of the Goods.
3.2 The Supplier shall ensure that at all times it has and maintains all the licences, permissions, authorisations, consents and permits that it needs to carry out its obligations under the Contract in respect of the Goods.
3.3 The Customer shall have the right to inspect and test the Goods at any time before delivery.
3.4 If following such inspection or testing the Customer considers that the Goods do not conform or are unlikely to comply with the Supplier's undertakings at clause 3.1, the Customer shall inform the Supplier and the Supplier shall immediately take such remedial action as is necessary to ensure compliance.
3.5 Notwithstanding any such inspection or testing, the Supplier shall remain fully responsible for the Goods and any such inspection or testing shall not reduce or otherwise affect the Supplier's obligations under the Contract, and the Customer shall have the right to conduct further inspections and tests after the Supplier has carried out its remedial actions.
4. Delivery of Goods
4.1 The Supplier shall ensure that:
(a) the Goods are properly packed and secured in such manner as to enable them to reach their destination undamaged and in full working order;
(b) each delivery of the Goods is accompanied by a delivery note which shows the date of the Order, the Order number, the type and quantity of the Goods (including the code number of the Goods (where applicable)), special storage instructions (if any) and, if the Goods are being delivered by instalments, the outstanding balance of Goods remaining to be delivered; and
(c) if the Supplier requires the Customer to return any packaging material for the Goods to the Supplier, that fact is clearly stated on the delivery note. Any such packaging material shall only be returned to the Supplier at the cost of the Supplier.
4.2 The Supplier shall deliver the Goods:
(a) on the date specified in the Order or, if no such date is specified, then within 14 days of the date of the Order;
(b) to the location specified in the Order (“Delivery Location”);
(c) during the Customer's normal hours of business on a Business Day, or as instructed by the Customer.
4.3 Delivery of the Goods shall be completed on acceptance of the Goods at the Delivery Location in accordance with any terms stated in the Order or the Contract.
4.4 If the Supplier:
(a) delivers less than 95 per cent of the quantity of Goods ordered, the Customer may reject the Goods; or
(b) delivers more than 105 per cent of the quantity of Goods ordered, the Customer may at its sole discretion reject the Goods or the excess Goods,
and any rejected Goods shall be returnable at the Supplier's risk and expense. If the Supplier delivers more or less than the quantity of Goods ordered, and the Customer accepts the delivery the invoice for those Goods must correspond with actual quantity of Goods delivered.
4.5 The Supplier shall not deliver the Goods in instalments without the Customer's prior written consent. Where it is agreed that the Goods shall be delivered in instalments, they may be invoiced and paid for separately. However, failure by the Supplier to deliver any one instalment on time or at all or any defect in an instalment shall entitle the Customer to the remedies set out in clause 6.1.
4.6 Title and risk in the Goods shall pass to the Customer on acceptance of delivery.
4.7 The Supplier shall retain complete and accurate records of deliveries and shall allow the Customer to inspect such records if requested.
5. Supply of Services
5.1 The Supplier shall from the date set out in the Order and for the duration of this Contract provide the Services to the Customer in accordance with the terms of the Contract.
5.2 The Supplier shall meet any performance dates for the Services specified in the Order or notified to the Supplier by the Customer.
5.3 In providing the Services, the Supplier shall:
(a) co-operate with the Customer in all matters relating to the Services, and comply with all instructions of the Customer;
(b) perform the Services with the best care, skill and diligence in accordance with best practice in the Supplier's industry, profession or trade;
(c) use an appropriate number of suitably trained, certificated, skilled and experienced personnel to perform tasks assigned to them;
(d) ensure that the Services and Deliverables will conform with all descriptions and specifications set out in the Specification, and that the Deliverables shall be fit for any purpose expressly or impliedly made known to the Supplier by the Customer;
(e) provide all equipment, tools and vehicles and such other items as are required to provide the Services;
(f) use appropriate quality goods, materials, standards and techniques, as specified or set out in the Order or Contract and ensure that they will be free from defects in workmanship, installation and design;
(g) obtain and at all times maintain all necessary licences and consents, and comply with all applicable laws and regulations;
(h) observe all health and safety rules and regulations and any other security requirements that apply at any of the Customer's premises;
(i) hold all Customer Materials in safe custody at its own risk, maintain the Customer Materials in good condition until returned to the Customer, and not dispose or use the Customer Materials other than in accordance with the Customer's written instructions or authorisation; and
(j) not do or omit to do anything which may cause the Customer to lose any licence, authority, consent or permission upon which it relies for the purposes of conducting its business, and the Supplier acknowledges that the Customer may rely or act on the Services.
6. Customer remedies
6.1 If the Supplier fails to deliver the Goods and/or perform the Services by the applicable date, the Customer shall, without limiting its other rights or remedies, have one or more of the following rights:
(a) to terminate the Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Supplier;
(b) to refuse to accept any subsequent performance of the Services and/or delivery of the Goods which the Supplier attempts to make;
(c) to recover from the Supplier any costs incurred by the Customer in obtaining substitute goods and/or services from a third party;
(d) where the Customer has paid in advance for Services that have not been provided by the Supplier and/or Goods which have not been delivered by the Supplier, to have such sums refunded by the Supplier; and
(e) to claim damages for any additional costs, loss or expenses incurred by the Customer which are in any way attributable to the Supplier's failure to meet such dates. The customer may wish to give itself the additional remedy of reducing the price in respect of late deliveries, although if it exercises this right it will not subsequently be able to claim damages or terminate the contract. If the customer is paying for the goods in advance, it will need to claim against the supplier rather than make a deduction from the price of the goods.
6.2 If the Supplier has delivered Goods that do not comply with the undertakings set out in clause 3.1, then, without limiting its other rights or remedies, the Customer shall have one or more of the following rights, whether or not it has accepted the Goods:
(a) to reject the Goods (in whole or in part) whether or not title has passed and to return them to the Supplier at the Supplier's own risk and expense;
(b) to terminate the Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Supplier;
(c) to require the Supplier to repair or replace the rejected Goods within 10 Business Days of being requested to do so, or to provide a full refund of the price of the rejected Goods;
(d) to refuse to accept any subsequent delivery of the Goods which the Supplier attempts to make;
(e) to recover from the Supplier any expenditure incurred by the Customer in obtaining substitute goods from a third party; and
(f) to claim damages for any additional costs, loss or expenses incurred by the Customer arising from the Supplier's failure to supply Goods in accordance with clause 3.1.
6.3 These Conditions shall extend to any substituted or remedial services and/or repaired or replacement goods supplied by the Supplier.
6.4 The Customer's rights under this Contract are in addition to its rights and remedies implied by statute and common law.
7. Customer's obligations
The Customer shall:
(a) provide the Supplier with reasonable access at reasonable agreed times to the Customer's premises for the purpose of providing the Services; and
(b) provide such information as the Supplier may reasonably request for the provision of the Services and the Customer considers reasonably necessary for the purpose of providing the Services.
8. Charges and payment
8.1 The price for the Goods:
(a) shall be the price set out in the Order; and
(b) shall be inclusive of the costs of packaging, insurance and carriage of the Goods, unless otherwise agreed in writing by the Customer. No extra charges shall be effective unless agreed in writing and signed by the Customer.
8.2 The charges for the Services shall be set out in the Order, and shall be the full and exclusive remuneration of the Supplier in respect of the performance of the Services. Unless otherwise agreed in writing by the Customer, the charges shall include every cost and expense of the Supplier directly or indirectly incurred in connection with the performance of the Services.
8.3 In respect of Goods, the Supplier shall invoice the Customer in accordance with the terms stated in the Order or Contract. Each invoice shall include such supporting information required by the Customer to verify the accuracy of the invoice, including but not limited to the relevant purchase order number.
8.4 In consideration of the supply of Goods and/or Services by the Supplier, the Customer shall pay the invoiced amounts within 60 days of receipt of a correctly rendered invoice unless agreed in writing by the Customer.
8.5 All amounts payable by the Customer under the Contract are exclusive of amounts in respect of valued added tax chargeable from time to time (“VAT”). Where any taxable supply for VAT purposes is made under the Contract by the Supplier to the Customer, the Customer shall, on receipt of a valid VAT invoice from the Supplier, pay to the Supplier such additional amounts in respect of VAT as are chargeable on the supply of the Goods and/or Services at the same time as payment is due for the supply of the Goods and/or Services.
8.6 The Supplier shall maintain complete and accurate records of the time spent and materials used by the Supplier in providing the Services, and the Supplier shall allow the Customer to inspect such records at all reasonable times on request.
8.7 The Customer may, without limiting its other rights or remedies, set off any amount owing to it by the Supplier against any amount payable by the Customer to the Supplier.
9. Intellectual property rights
9.1 In respect of the Goods and any goods that are transferred to the Customer as part of the Services under this Contract, including without limitation the Deliverables or any part of them, the Supplier warrants that it has full clear and unencumbered title to all such items, and that at the date of delivery of such items to the Customer, it will have full and unrestricted rights to sell and transfer all such items to the Customer.
9.2 The Supplier assigns to the Customer, with full title guarantee and free from all third party rights, all Intellectual Property Rights in the products of the Services, including for the avoidance of doubt the Deliverables.
9.3 The Supplier shall obtain waivers of all moral rights in the products, including for the avoidance of doubt the Deliverables, of the Services to which any individual is now or may be at any future time entitled under Chapter IV of Part I of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or any similar provisions of law in any jurisdiction.
9.4 The Supplier shall, promptly at the Customer's request, do (or procure to be done) all such further acts and things and the execution of all such other documents as the Customer may from time to time require for the purpose of securing for the Customer the full benefit of the Contract, including all right, title and interest in and to the Intellectual Property Rights assigned to the Customer in accordance with clause 9.2.
9.5 All Customer Materials are the exclusive property of the Customer. No rights, including Intellectual Property Rights, in respect of any Customer Materials are granted to the Supplier or any other person.
10.1 The Supplier shall keep the Customer indemnified in full against all costs, expenses, damages and losses (whether direct or indirect), including any interest, fines, legal and other professional fees and expenses awarded against or incurred or paid by the Customer as a result of or in connection with:
(a) any claim made against the Customer by a third party for death, personal injury or damage to property arising out of, or in connection with, defects in Goods, to the extent that the defect in the Goods is attributable to the acts or omissions of the Supplier, its employees, agents or subcontractors;
(b) any claim made against the Customer by a third party arising out of, or in connection with, the supply of the Goods and/or Services, to the extent that such claim arises out of the breach, negligent performance or failure or delay in performance of the Contract by the Supplier, its employees, agents or subcontractors; and
(c) any claim made against the Customer for actual or alleged infringement of a third party's Intellectual Property Rights arising out of, or in connection with, the manufacture, supply or use of the Goods, or receipt, use or supply of the Services.
10.2 For the duration of the Contract and for a period of one year thereafter, the Supplier shall maintain in force, with a reputable insurance company, professional indemnity insurance, product liability insurance and public liability insurance to cover the liabilities that may arise under or in connection with the Contract and shall, on the Customer's request, produce both the insurance certificate giving details of cover and the receipt for the current year's premium in respect of each insurance.
10.3 This clause 10 in its entirety shall survive the termination of the Contract.
11.1 The Supplier shall not disclose to any person any confidential information disclosed to it by the Customer concerning the business or affairs of any member of the Customer’s Group, including information relating to the operations, process, plans, product information, know-how, designs, trade secrets, software, market opportunities and customers of any member of the Customer’s Group (“Confidential Information”), except as permitted by this clause 11.
11.2 The Supplier may disclose Confidential Information to its employees, officers, agents, consultants or subcontractors (“Representatives”) who need to know such information for the purposes of carrying out the Supplier’s obligations under the Contract, provided that the Supplier takes all reasonable steps to ensure its Representatives comply with the confidentiality obligations in this clause 11 as though they were party to the Contract. The Supplier shall be responsible for its Representatives’ compliance with the confidentiality obligations in this clause 11.
11.3 If the Supplier is required by law, court order or the mandatory requirement of any governmental or regulatory authority to disclose Confidential Information, it shall notify the Customer as soon as it becomes aware that such disclosure is, or is likely to be, required and shall cooperate with the Customer in taking action to challenge the requirement and avoid the need for disclosure.
11.4 This clause 11 shall survive termination of the Contract.
12.1 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, the Customer may terminate the Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Supplier if:
(a) the Supplier commits a material or persistent breach of the Contract and fails to remedy that breach within 14 days of receipt of notice in writing of the breach;
(b) the Supplier suspends, or threatens to suspend, payment of its debts or is unable to pay its debts as they fall due or admits inability to pay its debts or (being a company) is deemed unable to pay its debts within the meaning of section 123 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or (being an individual) is deemed either unable to pay its debts or as having no reasonable prospect of so doing, in either case, within the meaning of section 268 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or (being a partnership) has any partner to whom any of the foregoing apply;
(c) the Supplier commences negotiations with all or any class of its creditors with a view to rescheduling any of its debts, or makes a proposal for or enters into any compromise or arrangement with its creditors;
(d) a petition is filed, a notice is given, a resolution is passed, or an order is made, for or in connection with the winding up of the Supplier (being a company) other than for the sole purpose of a scheme for a solvent amalgamation of the Supplier with one or more other companies or the solvent reconstruction of the Supplier;
(e) the Supplier (being an individual) is the subject of a bankruptcy petition order;
(f) a creditor or encumbrancer of the Supplier attaches or takes possession of, or a distress, execution, sequestration or other such process is levied or enforced on or sued against, the whole or any part of its assets and such attachment or process is not discharged within 14 days;
(g) an application is made to court, or an order is made, for the appointment of an administrator or if a notice of intention to appoint an administrator is given or if an administrator is appointed over the Supplier (being a company);
(h) a floating charge holder over the assets of the Supplier (being a company) has become entitled to appoint or has appointed an administrative receiver;
(i) a person becomes entitled to appoint a receiver over the assets of the Supplier or a receiver is appointed over the assets of the Supplier;
(j) any event occurs, or proceeding is taken, with respect to the Supplier in any jurisdiction to which it is subject that has an effect equivalent or similar to any of the events mentioned in clause 12.1(b) to clause 12.1(i) (inclusive);
(k) the Supplier suspends or threatens to suspend, or ceases or threatens to cease to carry on, all or a substantial part of its business; or
(l) the Supplier (being an individual) dies or, by reason of illness or incapacity (whether mental or physical), is incapable of managing his own affairs or becomes a patient under any mental health legislation.
12.2 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, the Customer may terminate the Contract:
(a) in respect of the supply of Services, by giving the Supplier 30 days’ written notice; and
(b) in respect of the supply of Goods, with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Supplier, in which case the Customer shall pay the Supplier fair and reasonable compensation for any work in progress on any other Goods at the date of termination but such compensation shall not include loss of anticipated profits or any consequential loss.
12.3 In any of the circumstances in these Conditions in which the Customer may terminate the Contract, where both Goods and Services are supplied, the Customer may instead terminate part of the Contract in respect of the Goods, or in respect of the Services, and the Contract shall continue in respect of the remaining supply.
13. Consequences of termination
On termination of the Contract or any part of it for any reason:
(a) where the Services are terminated, the Supplier shall immediately deliver to the Customer all Deliverables, whether or not then complete, and return all Customer Materials. If the Supplier fails to do so, then the Customer may without limiting its other rights or remedies enter the Supplier's premises and take possession of them at the Supplier’s cost. Until they have been returned or delivered, the Supplier shall be solely responsible for their safe keeping and will not use them for any purpose not connected with this Contract;
(b) the accrued rights and remedies of the parties as at termination shall not be affected, including the right to claim damages in respect of any breach of the Contract which existed at or before the date of termination; and
(c) clauses which expressly or by implication have effect after termination shall continue in full force and effect.
14. COMPLIANCE - Bribery Act, Modern Slavery and the SUPPLIER CODE OF Conduct
14.1 The Supplier shall:
(a) comply with the Customer’s Anti-Bribery Policy (a copy of which is available on the Customer’s website, as may be updated from time to time;
(b) keep at its normal place of business detailed, accurate and up to date records of the steps taken by the Supplier to comply with the Customer’s Anti-Bribery Policy. The Supplier shall ensure that such records are sufficient to enable Company to verify the Supplier’s compliance with its obligations under this clause;
(c) permit the Customer and its representatives, on reasonable notice during normal business hours, but without notice in case of any reasonably suspected breach of this clause 14.1, to access and take copies of the Supplier’s records and any other information held at the Supplier’s premises and to meet with the Supplier’s personnel to audit the Supplier’s compliance with its obligations under this clause. The Supplier shall give all necessary assistance to the conduct of such audits during the term of the Contract.
14.2 The Supplier shall ensure that any person associated with it that is performing Services or providing Goods in connection with the Contract does so only on the basis of written obligations equivalent to those imposed on the Supplier in clause 14.1.
14.3 In performing its obligations under the Contract, the Supplier (including all staff, agents, contractors and any other party performing its obligations or exercising its rights under or in connection with this Contract) shall comply with:
(a) all applicable laws, statutes, regulations and codes from time to time in force; and
(b) the Customer’s Code of Conduct for Supplier’s (a copy of which is available on request), as may be updated from time to time)
14.4 Without prejudice to the generality of clause 14.3, the Supplier shall, and shall take reasonable steps to procure (where relevant) that all persons who are performing Services or providing Goods in connection with the performance of the Contract (collectively, the “Supply Chain”) shall, at all relevant times:
(a) comply with all applicable laws, regulations, codes, guidance and sanctions relating to anti-slavery and human trafficking in any jurisdiction, including the United Kingdom’s Modern Slavery Act 2015 (MSA) (together the “Relevant Requirements”);
(b) not engage in any activity, practice or conduct in any jurisdiction which would constitute an offence under the MSA;
(c) have and maintain in place throughout the term of the Contract a policy with the aim of ensuring compliance with the Relevant Requirements and that slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its own business or any part of its supply chain (“Anti-Slavery Policy”), and shall ensure that such policy is provided to all relevant staff and enforced in an appropriate manner;
(d) promptly notify the Customer if it has reason to believe that it or any member of its Supply Chain is in breach of the MSA or any provision of this Clause 14 (or would do so if it were a party to the Contract), or if it receives a communication from any person alleging breach of the MSA in relation to the performance of Services or provision of Goods in connection with the performance of the Contract.
14.5 Breach of this Clause 14 shall be deemed to be a material breach of the Contract and the Customer may terminate the Contract with immediate effect.
15.1 Force majeure: Neither party shall be liable to the other as a result of any delay or failure to perform its obligations under the Contract if and to the extent such delay or failure is caused by an event or circumstance which is beyond the reasonable control of that party which by its nature could not have been foreseen by such a party or if it could have been foreseen was unavoidable. If such event or circumstances prevent the Supplier from supplying the Goods and/or Services for more than 12 weeks, the Customer shall have the right, without limiting its other rights or remedies, to terminate this Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Supplier.
15.2 Assignment and subcontracting:
(a) The Supplier shall not assign, transfer, charge, subcontract or deal in any other manner with all or any of its rights or obligations under the Contract without the prior written consent of the Customer.
(b) The Customer may at any time assign, transfer, charge, subcontract, or deal in any other manner with all or any of its rights under the Contract and may subcontract or delegate in any manner any or all of its obligations under the Contract to any third party or agent.
(a) Any notice or other communication required to be given to a party in connection with this Contract shall be in writing and signed and shall be sent by recorded delivery or by commercial courier to its principal place of business, or sent by fax to the other party's main fax number. For the avoidance of doubt notice given under this clause 15.3 shall not be validly served if sent by e-mail
(b) Any notice or communication shall be deemed to have been duly received if sent by recorded delivery, at 9.00 am on the second Business Day after posting, or if delivered by commercial courier, on the date and at the time that the courier's delivery receipt is signed, or if sent by fax, on the next Business Day after transmission.
(c) This clause 15.3 shall not apply to the service of any proceedings or other documents in any legal action.
15.4 Waiver and cumulative remedies:
(a) A waiver of any right under the Contract is only effective if it is in writing and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach or default. No failure or delay by a party in exercising any right or remedy under the Contract or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor preclude or restrict its further exercise. No single or partial exercise of such right or remedy shall preclude or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.
(b) Unless specifically provided otherwise, rights arising under the Contract are cumulative and do not exclude rights provided by law.
(a) If a court or any other competent authority finds that any provision (or part of any provision) of the Contract is invalid, illegal or unenforceable, that provision or part-provision shall, to the extent required, be deemed deleted, and the validity and enforceability of the other provisions of the Contract shall not be affected.
(b) If any invalid, unenforceable or illegal provision of the Contract would be valid, enforceable and legal if some part of it were deleted, the provision shall apply with the minimum modification necessary to make it legal, valid and enforceable.